Christopher Eric Hitchens (13 April 1949 – 15 December 2011) was an Anglo-American socio-political critic and public intellectual, who mainly expressed himself as an author, journalist, orator, and columnist. He wrote, co-wrote, edited or co-edited over 30 books, including five of essays on culture, politics, and literature.
Hitchens described himself as an anti-theist, who saw all religions as false, harmful, and authoritarian. He argued for free expression and scientific discovery, and asserted that they were superior to religion as an ethical code of conduct for human civilisation. He also advocated separation of church and state. The dictum "What can be asserted without evidence can also be dismissed without evidence" has become known as Hitchens's razor. He was in deep opposition to his brother's views, publicly debating Peter Hitchens several times.A committed Marxist, Hitchens was an avid supporter of Historical Materialism. He was a member of various socialist organizations throughout his life, including the International Socialists.A heavy smoker and drinker since his teenage years, Hitchens died from esophageal cancer in December 2011.