Sir Andrew Barron Murray (born 15 May 1987) is a British professional tennis player from Scotland. He has been ranked world No. 1 by the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) for 41 weeks, and finished as the year-end No. 1 in 2016. He has won three Grand Slam singles titles – two at Wimbledon (2013 and 2016) and one at the US Open (2012) – and has reached eleven major finals. Murray was ranked in the top 10 for all but one month from July 2008 through October 2017, and finished no lower than No. 4 in eight of the nine year-end rankings during that span. Murray has won 46 ATP singles titles, including 14 ATP Masters 1000 events.
Originally coached by his mother Judy alongside his older brother Jamie, Andy moved to Barcelona at age 15 to train at the Sánchez-Casal Academy. He began his professional career around the time Roger Federer and Rafael Nadal established themselves as the two dominant players in men's tennis. Murray had immediate success on the ATP Tour, making his top 10 debut in 2007 at age 19. By 2010, Murray and Novak Djokovic had separated themselves from the rest of men's tennis, joining Federer and Nadal in the Big Four, the group of players who have dominated men's tennis through the end of the next decade. Murray initially struggled against the rest of the Big Four, losing his first four major finals – three to Federer and one to Djokovic. He made his Grand Slam breakthrough in 2012 by defeating Djokovic to win the US Open. With this title, he became the first British Grand Slam singles champion since Virginia Wade in 1977, and the first male champion since Fred Perry in 1936. A month earlier, he also won a men's singles gold medal against Federer at the 2012 London Olympics.
From his first major title in 2012 through early 2016, Murray reached six major finals – all against Djokovic – including three at the Australian Open and at least one at all four majors. He only won one of these encounters, at Wimbledon in 2013. Murray had his career-best season in 2016. During that year, Murray made three major finals, winning Wimbledon for the second time. Moreover, he defended his men's singles gold medal at the 2016 Rio Olympics to become the only player with two Olympic gold medals in singles. He also became world No. 1 for the first time and clinched the year-end No. 1 ranking by winning his only ATP Finals against Djokovic. Since that year, Murray has struggled with various injuries and fell out of the top 100 in 2018 due to only seldom playing on tour.
Murray is an all-court player who excels in particular at returning serve and constructing points. He is generally regarded as having one of the best and most consistent two-handed backhands on the ATP Tour. Murray is considered a national hero in Great Britain for reestablishing the country as a leading force in men's tennis for the first time since the early 20th century. He and his brother have also led the Great Britain Davis Cup team to a title in 2015. Murray has been outspoken as a feminist, and became the second top 10 player in the history of the ATP Tour to have a female coach when he hired Amélie Mauresmo.